The Dark Side of Technology: Exploring the Top Cyber Threats Everyone Needs to Know

Fortune Edema
3 min readMay 4, 2023

As a cybersecurity enthusiast, I have always been fascinated by the intricate world of network and cyber threats. It’s not just the experts who need to know about the different types of cyberattacks; everyone, from small businesses to large corporations, needs to be aware of the impact these attacks can have on their systems. Every day, we hear about news of ransomware or other cyberattacks that are causing financial damage to businesses worldwide. As someone who uses a smartphone or has an email or social media account, you’ve probably encountered attempts to defraud you or infect your device. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most common types of cyber threats you should know about.

  1. Spoofing: A sneaky attack that falsifies identity in order to gain access to a target system. This can be done by manipulating various types of logical identification, such as IP addresses, MAC addresses, usernames, and email addresses, among others.
  2. Phishing: A devious tactic that misleads users into visiting malicious websites by abusing URLs or hyperlinks in emails. You might receive an email from someone posing as a trustworthy entity, like a bank, and be directed to a fake website to steal your login credentials.
  3. DoS/DDoS: A type of network resource consumption attack that has the primary goal of preventing legitimate activity on a victimized system. In the case of distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, a large number of unsuspecting secondary victim systems are often involved.
  4. Virus: The virus is a form of malicious code that has been plaguing security administrations for years. Like biological viruses, computer viruses have two main functions: propagation and destruction. They can spread with the help of a user who clicks on a link or opens a file.
  5. Worm: Worms are self-replicating pieces of code that spread without any human intervention. They pose a significant risk to network security because of their destructive potential.
  6. Trojan: Named after the ancient story of the Trojan horse, this type of software appears to be benign but carries a malicious payload. Ransomware is often spread using Trojans that use encryption technology to lock documents and demand a ransom to release them.
  7. MITM Attack: In this type of attack, attackers place themselves between two devices, such as a web browser and server, to intercept or modify information intended for one or both endpoints.
  8. APT: Advance persistent threat refers to sophisticated attacks that are typically carried out by highly organized groups over an extended period of time. These attacks can be especially difficult to detect and stop.
  9. Insider Threat: This type of threat arises from individuals who are trusted by the organization, such as disgruntled employees or those involved in espionage. Even a trusted user who falls victim to a scam could unwittingly become an insider threat.
  10. Malware: A type of program that is inserted into a system with the intent of compromising the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of the victim’s data or application.
  11. Ransomware: A type of malware used to facilitate ransom attacks. Ransomware often uses cryptography to “lock” files on an affected computer and demands a ransom fee in exchange for the unlock code, which may not be guaranteed.

As someone who is passionate about cybersecurity, it’s important to understand the different types of cyber threats out there. By educating ourselves on these tactics, we can be better prepared to protect our own systems and those of our organizations. Remember, it’s not just the experts who need to be aware of these threats; everyone has a role to play in cybersecurity.



Fortune Edema

Information Security Associate ISO IEC 27001 ||Tech Enthusiast||InfoSec Researcher|| Jnr SOC Analyst ||Security Awareness||Computer Science Student